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Written amid the chaos of early Weimar Germany in 1922, Schmitt’s Political Theology was translated to English by political scientist and Holocaust survivor George D. Schwab in 1985, but was only available in academic and elite circles until the 2006 publication by the University of Chicago Press. Since then, Political Theology has gained renown among English-speaking dissidents for its hard-hitting analysis on the relationship between political leaders, the norms of legal order, and “the state of exception”, as well as his definition of the ‘Sovereign’.
To Schmitt, the Sovereign is he who has the authority of decision on ‘the state of exception’, an emergency state of affairs in which the normal legal processes are either invalid or cannot be applied and thus there is no way to act constructively but to break them. Overarching all of this is the existence of ‘political theology’; the fact that secularized concepts are fundamentally theological in nature, and the effect this fact has on the political world.
The C.J. Miller translation is the second complete English translation of Political Theology, being made available in 2020 to the general public through Antelope Hill Publishing. This translation is truer to the original German and avoids any commentary or apologia for the plain words of Schmitt. The work consists of four essays, which address, respectively: Sovereignty, political power, ‘decisionism’ (decision theory), and the state of exception.
“The specific political distinction to which political actions and motives can be reduced is that betweenfriend and enemy.”
The Concept of the Political is Carl Schmitt’s most influential work and one of the most influential works of political philosophy. First published in 1932 as an elaboration of a 1927 journal article, Schmitt lays out the concept of the political – the friend-enemy distinction – and delivers a cogent critique of the impossibility and impracticability of anything that seeks to abolish that distinction. Schmitt also sets up a cohesive theory that takes account of the varying intensities of the political. His theory cuts to the heart of the political phenomenon and provides insight that will prove increasingly relevant for coming generations.
Having produced the second complete English translation of this work to be printed, C.J. Miller labors to remain faithful to the original German and avoid any commentary or apologia for the plain words of this formidable legal and political thinker. Antelope Hill Publishing is proud to present C.J. Miller’s complete English translation of Carl Schmitt’s The Concept of the Political.
Written shortly after the Russian Revolution and the First World War, Schmitt analyses the problem of the state of emergency and the power of the Reichspräsident in declaring it. Dictatorship, Schmitt argues, is a necessary legal institution in constitutional law and has been wrongly portrayed as just the arbitrary rule of a so-called dictator.
Dictatorship is an essential book for understanding the work of Carl Schmitt and a major contribution to the modern theory of a democratic, constitutional state. And despite being written in the early part of the twentieth century, it speaks with remarkable prescience to our contemporary political concerns.
“No one suspected what the unleashing of irregular warfare would mean. No one considered what the victory of the civilian over the soldier would mean if one day the citizen put on the uniform while the partisan took it off to continue the fight without it.”
Theory of the Partisan consists of two lectures, delivered by Carl Schmitt in 1962, addressing the transformation of war in the post-European age. This accessible work analyzes the origin, evolution, and practical effects of the modern partisan. With the rise of political terrorism and the universal acceptance of critical theory, Schmitt’s Theory of the Partisan emerges today more relevant than ever.
The C.J. Miller translation is the third complete English translation of Carl Schmitt’s Theory of the Partisan, being made available in 2020 to the general public through Antelope Hill Publishing. This translation is more faithful to the original German and avoids any commentary or apologia for the plain words of this formidable legal and political thinker.
A pioneer in legal and political theory, Schmitt traces the prehistory of political romanticism by examining its relationship to revolutionary and reactionary tendencies in modern European history. Both the partisans of the French Revolution and its most embittered enemies were numbered among the romantics. During the movement for German national unity at the beginning of the nineteenth century, both revolutionaries and reactionaries counted themselves as romantics. According to Schmitt, the use of the concept to designate opposed political positions results from the character of political romanticism: its unpredictable quality and lack of commitment to any substantive political position.
The romantic person acts in such a way that his imagination can be affected. He acts insofar as he is moved. Thus an action is not a performance or something one does, but rather an affect or a mood, something one feels. The product of an action is not a result that can be evaluated according to moral standards, but rather an emotional experience that can be judged only in aesthetic and emotive terms.
These observations lead Schmitt to a profound reflection on the shortcomings of liberal politics. Apart from the liberal rule of law and its institution of an autonomous private sphere, the romantic inner sanctum of purely personal experience could not exist. Without the security of the private realm, the romantic imagination would be subject to unpredictable incursions. Only in a bourgeois world can the individual become both absolutely sovereign and thoroughly privatized: a master builder in the cathedral of his personality. An adequate political order cannot be maintained on such a tolerant individualism, concludes Schmitt.
Legality and Legitimacy is sure to provide a compelling reference point in contemporary debates over the challenges facing constitutional democracies today. In addition to Jeffrey Seitzer’s translation of the 1932 text itself, this volume contains his translation of Schmitt’s 1958 commentary on the work, extensive explanatory notes, and an appendix including selected articles of the Weimar constitution. John P. McCormick’s introduction places Legality and Legitimacy in its historical context, clarifies some of the intricacies of the argument, and ultimately contests Schmitt’s claims regarding the inherent weakness of parliamentarism, constitutionalism, and the rule of law.
This new and authorized edition from Telos Press Publishing, translated by Samuel Garrett Zeitlin and edited by Russell A. Berman and Samuel Garrett Zeitlin, includes extensive textual annotations that compare critical variations between the original 1942 edition of Land and Sea and the subsequent editions published in 1954 and 1981.
Written between 1937 and 1945, these works articulate Schmitt's concerns throughout this period of war and crisis, addressing the major failings of the League of Nations, and presenting Schmitt's own conceptual history of these years of disaster for international jurisprudence. For Schmitt, the jurisprudence of Versailles and Nuremberg both fail to provide for a stable international system, insofar as they attempt to impose universal standards of ‘humanity' on a heterogeneous world, and treat efforts to revise the status quo as ‘criminal' acts of war. In place of these flawed systems, Schmitt argues for a new planetary order in which neither collective security organizations nor 19th century empires, but Schmittian ‘Reichs' will be the leading subject of international law.
Writings on War will be essential reading for those seeking to understand the work of Carl Schmitt, the history of international law and the international system, and interwar European history. Not only do these writings offer an erudite point of entry into the dynamic and charged world of interwar European jurisprudence; they also speak with prescience to a 21st century world struggling with similar issues of global governance and international law.
Le 23 novembre 1932, quelques semaines avant l'accession de Hitler au pouvoir, le philosophe Carl Schmitt prononce un discours devant le patronat allemand. Sur fond de crise économique, son titre annonce le programme : " État fort et économie saine ".
Mobilisant des " moyens de puissance inouïs ", le nouvel État fort, promet-il, ne tolérera plus l'" émergence en son sein de forces subversives ". Ce pouvoir autoritaire musèlera les revendications sociales et verticalisera la présidence en arguant d'un " état d'urgence économique ".
Lorsqu'il lit ce texte de Schmitt, son adversaire de toujours, le juriste antifasciste Hermann Heller, ne saisit que trop bien de quoi il s'agit. Peu avant de prendre le chemin de l'exil (il mourra en Espagne l'année suivante), il laisse un court article qui compte parmi les plus clairvoyants de la période. Nous assistons là, analyse-t-il, à l'invention d'une nouvelle catégorie, un " libéralisme autoritaire ".
Ce recueil rassemble ces deux textes majeurs de la pensée politique, encore inédits en français, assortis d'une présentation qui éclaire les rapports méconnus entre Schmitt et les pères fondateurs du néolibéralisme.