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About Friedrich Engels
Friedrich Engels (English /ˈɛŋɡəlz/ or /ˈɛŋəlz/; German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈɛŋəls]; 28 November 1820 – 5 August 1895) was a German philosopher, social scientist, journalist and businessman. He founded Marxist theory together with Karl Marx. In 1845 he published The Condition of the Working Class in England, based on personal observations and research in Manchester.
In 1848 he co-authored The Communist Manifesto with Karl Marx, though he also authored and co-authored (primarily with Marx) many other works, and later he supported Marx financially to do research and write Das Kapital. After Marx's death, Engels edited the second and third volumes. Additionally, Engels organised Marx's notes on the "Theories of Surplus Value," which he later published as the "fourth volume" of Capital. He has also made contributions to family economics.
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This edition of the leading anthology provides the essential writings of Marx and Engels—those works necessary for an introduction to Marxist thought and ideology. The volume is arranged to show both the chronological and the thematic development of the two great thinkers. Selections range in coverage from history, society, and economics, to politics, philosophy, and the strategy and tactics of social revolution.
As Eric Hobsbawm argues in his acute and elegant introduction to this modern edition, in such times The Communist Manifesto emerges as a work of great prescience and power despite being written over a century and a half ago. He highlights Marx and Engels’s enduring insights into the capitalist system: its devastating impact on all aspects of human existence; its susceptibility to enormous convulsions and crises; and its fundamental weakness.
The Communist Manifesto has been recognized as one of the world’s most influential political manuscripts. Commissioned by the Communist League, it laid out the League’s purposes and program. It presents an analytical approach to the class struggle (historical and present) and the problems of capitalism, rather than a prediction of communism’s potential future forms.
The book contains Marx and Engels’ theories about the nature of society and politics, that in their own words, “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.” It also briefly features their ideas for how the capitalist society of the time would eventually be replaced by socialism, and then eventually communism.
Born in Westphalia in 1820, Friedrich Engels was the son of a textile manufacturer. After military training in Berlin and already a convert to communism, Engels went to Manchester in 1842 to represent the family firm. A relationship with a millhand, Mary Bums, and friendship with local Owenites and Chartists helped to inspire his famous early work, The Condition of the Working Class in England in 1844.
Karl Marx was born in 1818 in Trier, Germany and studied in Bonn and Berlin. Influenced by Hegel, he later reacted against idealist philosophy and began to develop his own theory of historical materialism. He related the state of society to its economic foundations and mode of production, and recommended armed revolution on the part of the proletariat.
The book has been an enormously popular book, and enjoys a level of prestige that ranks it alongside The Communist Manifesto. It explores the difference between early socialists (considered utopian) and the modern scientific socialists embodied in Karl Marx.
The book explains the differences between utopian socialism and scientific socialism, which Marxism considers itself to embody. The book explains that whereas utopian socialism is idealist, reflects the personal opinions of the authors and claims that society can be adapted based on these opinions, scientific socialism derives itself from reality. It focuses on the materialist conception of history, which is based on an analysis over history, and concludes that communism naturally follows capitalism.
'An astonishing masterpiece ... a political classic ... has an almost biblical force' Eric Hobsbawm
The Communist Manifesto, Marx and Engels' revolutionary 1848 summons to the working classes, is one of the most influential political theories ever formulated. After four years of collaboration, the authors produced this incisive account of their idea of Communism, in which they envisage a society without classes, private property or a state. They argue that increasing exploitation of industrial workers will eventually lead to a revolution in which capitalism is overthrown. Their vision transformed the world irrevocably, and remains relevant as a depiction of global capitalism today.
Edited with an Introduction by GARETH STEDMAN JONES
Das Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei ist eine Schrift wie ein Fanal, jeder Satz ein Treffer. Eine akkurate Beschreibung der damaligen Zustände, eine theoretische Handlungsanweisung zur Neugründung einer Gesellschaft, die in ihrer Kühnheit mitreisst. Das Wort ›theoretisch‹ kann jedoch nicht genug betont werden. Denn die Geschichte hat gezeigt, dass eine Umsetzung – aus vielfältigen Gründen – scheitert. Doch die Aktualität des Kommunistischen Manifests springt einem beim Lesen geradezu entgegen.
Aus einer Rezensionen: »Das Kommunistische Manifest ist immer noch unübertroffen: Prägnant, polemisch, analytisch. Ein geraffter Streifzug durch die Geschichte und die geniale Vorhersage der Globalisierung des Kapitalismus. – Man mag über Marx denken, was man will; aber man muss wenigstens dieses kurze Extrakt seiner Erkenntnisse gelesen haben.«
Karl Marx (1818–1883) war ein deutscher Gesellschaftstheoretiker, Philosoph und Ökonom. Vom politischen Schriftsteller entwickelte er sich zum Vordenker einer ganzen Weltanschauung und Philosophie, die man heute mit dem Oberbegriff Marxismus kennzeichnet.
Friedrich Engels (1820–1895) war ein deutscher Gesellschaftstheoretiker, Historiker und kommunistischer Revolutionär. Darüber hinaus war er erfolgreicher Unternehmer in der Textilindustrie. Engels entwickelte zusammen mit Karl Marx die heute als Marxismus bezeichnete Gesellschafts- und Wirtschaftstheorie. Im Jahr 1848 verfassten sie gemeinsam im Auftrag des Bundes der Kommunisten das ›Kommunistische Manifest‹.
This book contains the fundamental works of Marxism, Anarchism and Bolshevism:
The Communist Manifesto, originally the Manifesto of the Communist Party by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels;
Reform or Revolution by Rosa Luxemburg;
The Conquest of Bread by the Russian anarcho-communist Peter Kropotkin;
Anarchism: What it Really Stands For by Emma Goldman;
The State and Revolution by Vladimir Lenin;
Fascism: What It Is and How To Fight It by Leon Trotsky.
Translated by Mary Fox.
Illustrated by Dmytro Rybalko.