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Let the Record Show: A Political History of ACT UP New York, 1987-1993 Kindle Edition
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Winner of the 2022 Lambda Literary LGBTQ Nonfiction Award and the 2022 NLGJA Excellence in Book Writing Award. Finalist for the PEN/John Kenneth Galbriath Award for Nonfiction, the Gotham Book Prize, and the ALA Stonewall Israel Fishman Nonfiction Award. A 2021 New York Times Book Review Notable Book and a New York Times Book Review Editors' Choice. Longlisted for the 2021 Brooklyn Public Library Literary Prize.
One of NPR, New York, and The Guardian's Best Books of 2021, one of Buzzfeed's Best LGBTQ+ Books of 2021, one of Electric Literature's Favorite Nonfiction Books of 2021, one of NBC's 10 Most Notable LGBTQ Books of 2021, and one of Gay Times' Best LGBTQ Books of 2021.
"This is not reverent, definitive history. This is a tactician’s bible." --Parul Sehgal, The New York Times
Twenty years in the making, Sarah Schulman's Let the Record Show is the most comprehensive political history ever assembled of ACT UP and American AIDS activism
In just six years, ACT UP, New York, a broad and unlikely coalition of activists from all races, genders, sexualities, and backgrounds, changed the world. Armed with rancor, desperation, intelligence, and creativity, it took on the AIDS crisis with an indefatigable, ingenious, and multifaceted attack on the corporations, institutions, governments, and individuals who stood in the way of AIDS treatment for all. They stormed the FDA and NIH in Washington, DC, and started needle exchange programs in New York; they took over Grand Central Terminal and fought to change the legal definition of AIDS to include women; they transformed the American insurance industry, weaponized art and advertising to push their agenda, and battled—and beat—The New York Times, the Catholic Church, and the pharmaceutical industry. Their activism, in its complex and intersectional power, transformed the lives of people with AIDS and the bigoted society that had abandoned them.
Based on more than two hundred interviews with ACT UP members and rich with lessons for today’s activists, Let the Record Show is a revelatory exploration—and long-overdue reassessment—of the coalition’s inner workings, conflicts, achievements, and ultimate fracture. Schulman, one of the most revered queer writers and thinkers of her generation, explores the how and the why, examining, with her characteristic rigor and bite, how a group of desperate outcasts changed America forever, and in the process created a livable future for generations of people across the world.
From the Publisher
"I understand but can’t quite accept that this book is about 700 pages long ― not when I tore through it in a day; still now, while fact-checking this review, I can scarcely skim it without being swallowed back into the testimonies . . . Let the Record Show doesn’t seek to memorialize history but to ransack it, to seize what we might need . . . This is not reverent, definitive history. This is a tactician’s bible." --Parul Sehgal, The New York Times
"An outstanding chronicle . . . an expansive portrait of the people, principles, and campaigns that made ACT UP the most formidable political organization to emerge from the AIDS crisis . . . Schulman writes as a witness to and a survivor of a catastrophe, clear-eyed and committed to remembering the dead . . . Let the Record Show serves as both history and handbook of how a small coalition can achieve fundamental political change . . . an invigorating work." --Dagmawi Woubshet, The Atlantic
"A masterpiece tome: part sociology, part oral history, part memoir, part call to arms . . . Medical inequity continues not only with Covid but also with H.I.V./AIDS still, and it will repeat until we manage to learn from the past ― about survival, and about the fight. Here is a primer, a compendium of what one group learned and struggled with and accomplished. Here is a book to start a mighty shelf." --Rebecca Makkai, The New York Times Book Review
"An in-depth and fully realized account . . . a text that offers younger queer activists a rare study of their own history." --Emma Specter, Vogue
"Let the Record Show is invaluable as both an archive and a blueprint for contemporary organizers of all stripes." ― Sascha Cohen, NPR
"Let the Record Show is profoundly moving, as most [AIDS histories] are, but also does the important work of reasserting the place of women and people of colour in the history of Act Up." --Megan Nolan, The Guardian
"In a time when activism is more necessary than ever and politicians continue to make false claims about the AIDS epidemic, let Schulman, in her distinctively gripping voice, tell you how it really went down." --David Vogel, Buzzfeed
"A stunning achievement . . . The expanse and generosity given in Let the Record Show ― the integrity of giving people a platform to tell their own story and to showing the messiness and complexity of the truth ― reflects the commitment not only of Schulman but of the hundreds of people in the ACT UP movement." --Marcie Bianco, The Advocate
"Monumental . . . Schulman doesn’t replace one set of heroes with another; rather, she destroys the idea of singular heroes at all. This is a political choice that creates a more honest representation of ACT UP . . . The most salient thread we can draw from Let the Record Show is an understanding of how mass movements can succeed and fail, all at the same time, depending on which part of the 'mass' you’re in." --Hugh Ryan, Boston Review
"A necessarily expansive and bombastic corrective of modern history . . . Let the Record Show is as righteous and revelatory as its subject matter." --Hillary Kelly, Vulture
"Let the Record Show is a corrective intervention in AIDS historiography, attempting to revise the popular understanding of ACT UP to make it both more democratic and more accurate . . . [Let the Record Show] paints a picture of activists not as martyrs, but as real people, living out the full spectrums of their emotional lives while also trying to meet the demands of history." --Moira Donegan, Bookforum
"Schulman paints an honest portrait of the complexities of coalitional politics, adding nuance and depth to an often-flattened period of history. The result is both an engrossing tribute to the past and a crucial handbook for activists who hope to leave their own lasting mark on the future." --Daniel Spielberger, them.
"Remarkable . . . [Schulman's] book is made up of testimony, exposition and analysis, not blended but artfully layered . . . [a] rich and amazing book." --Adam Mars-Jones, London Review of Books
"From the human perspective, it’s simply satisfying to consume Schulman’s fulsome demonstration that ACT UP was not the work of heroic straights or the clean-cut and mostly white men whose names are now synonymous with the group, such as Larry Kramer, but in fact always relied on the many people of color, incarcerated people, women, and drug users who devoted their labor . . . this work of adapted oral history is a mixture of creative froth and leaden grief . . . Gradually, Schulman corrects a view on history that’s been distorted by the profit motive." --Jo Livingstone, The New Republic
"The remarkable, timely capstone to [Schulman's] decades-long labor of documenting the improbable miracle that was and is ACT UP . . . Without polemic or resentment, the book is explicit in its corrective intent . . . a powerful document of a harrowing and enduring tragedy, and of the relentless determination to act up, fight back, and fight AIDS." --FT, 4Columns
"A resounding rebuttal to exclusionary versions of AIDS history . . . Not merely a matter of representation, Schulman’s recontextualization serves as an intervention in the political analysis of ACT UP." --Joshua Gutterman Tranen, The Baffler
"Sarah Schulman’s vital survey of a terrifying time reminds us that queer people have long known a thing or two about living through a devastating plague." --Keely Weiss, Harper's Bazaar
" Schulman approaches her political history with a novelist’s understanding of the complexities of character, action, and consequence . . . Let the Record Show preserves the spirit of ACT UP’s single statement of unity and purpose . . . [Schulman] is one of our most formidable contemporary intellectuals and an essential recorder of queer and activist histories." --Kelly Roberts, Hazlitt
"The way I feel about Sarah Schulman’s book LET THE RECORD SHOW mirrors how I felt the first time I read THE WARMTH OF OTHER SUNS by Isabel Wilkerson: deeply grateful for the author’s work, stunned at the pervasive erasure we endure AND desperate to put a copy in everyone’s hands." --Saeed Jones, author of How We Fight for Our Lives
"Even though Let the Record Show is somewhere close to 800 pages, you’ll read it urgently. The fight for the public’s attention still feels alive in the way Schulman writes. This is a book that looks backwards and forwards at once." --Emily Shapiro, Lambda Literary
"Meticulously, thoughtfully, and lovingly compiled . . . Let the Record Show feels like the peak of [Schulman's] achievement, a standard for how this history should be presented . . . Let the Record Show is a sprawling encyclopedia on art and action, humming with so much vitality that the book practically breathes.." --Conor Williams, Art in America
"[Let the Record Show] comes to us when we most need it. It offers an archive of silenced voices; a record of bravery and struggle; and even perhaps a handbook for grassroots organizing and protest in a time of racial and medical injustice. Unconsciously conditioned, as we are, to the narrative as much as the political comforts of survival―that is, of closure―Let the Record Show may well be the book that we don’t want, but that we very much need." --Travis Alexander, PopMatters
"A history of AIDS activism that is both more inclusive and complicated than previously told . . . [Schulman's] project is therefore as much an addition to the historical record as it is a necessary ethical revision." --Natalie Adler, Lux Magazine
"[Schulman's] work has taught me how to have a point of view, how to have a radical political analysis that is matter-of-fact, and how to make big arguments that are specific in scope . . . Schulman gives us a framework for cultural and political change outside of consolidated corporate cultural and political power." --Alicia Kennedy, "From the Desk of Alicia Kennedy"
"Iconic and epic are such hackneyed words, that I blush to write them. But there’s no other way to describe Sarah Schulman’s new book . . . a mesmerizing history. You may gulp it down in one sitting or become immersed when you open up the book to a random chapter. But, whether you’re an historian, an LGBTQ person who lived through the first generation of AIDS, a queer teen who’s never heard of ACT UP or a straight ally, you won’t be able to put it down." --Kathi Wolfe, Washington Blade
"[Let the Record Show] feels immersive in ways that are often unavailable to other historical works that try to perform objectivity or maintain a chronological narrative structure . . . a gift to my generation, offering wisdom about where we come from that could save us from wasted time trying to reinvent the wheel without context." --Eve Ettinger, Triangle House
"[Schulman] movingly evokes what the group meant personally in the lives of thousands who refused to be “bystanders” in the face of the AIDS catastrophe . . . her goal in highlighting the group’s unprecedented grassroots achievements as well as its weaknesses is part of a larger mission to inform social change efforts today, whether on healthcare access or transgender rights, systemic racism or police reform." --Paul Schindler, Gay City News
"Every page is not only riveting but necessary . . . At once a choral work and a practical guide, as well as a clear-eyed political history and indictment of who failed the AIDS crisis and why. It is a must-read." --Sarah Neilson, Shondaland
"A deeply generous platform for nearly every ACT UP member’s personal story, motives, and recollections to be told in one place, adding up to an enthralling mosaic of biography, collaboration, and, often, conflict." --Tim Murphy, TheBody
"The arc and sweep of this volume mimic the best kind of fiction . . . Record leaves us with some striking moments highlighting the many who died." --Henry Giardina, Into
"A masterful work twenty years in the making . . . Schulman holds a unique position to chronicle this critical history and connect it with our own chaotic moment." --Lauren LeBlanc, Observer
"A monumental achievement, the culmination of decades of work, and almost unbelievable in its scope and scale. Its construction is also a lesson in community storytelling; from long profiles of former members and extended transcripts of their interviews, to detailed insights into the day-to-day workings of the group, Let the Record Show honors the humanity of those involved to an extent that no other history of AIDS has achieved." --Corinne Segal, Lit Hub
"Let the Record Show is simultaneously memoir and oral history, bringing to life the AIDS crisis in all of its horrifying, painful complexity . . . Her commentaries enrich and enliven this documentary history of what another activist described as “'the last of the great new social movements of the 20th century.'” --Cathy Corman, The Provincetown Independent
"Remarkable . . . One is left with an overwhelming sense of gratitude―not only for the incredible amount of labor that it took to remember, collect, preserve, narrate, and interpret the events of this book, but for the world-changing activism from which we have all benefitted in such incalculable ways." --Nino Testa, Women's Review of Books
"These portraits, together with the historical context offered throughout, prove the lasting influence of ACT UP and have a lot to teach readers about activism today. . .This engaging, accessible book will find a wide audience among readers interested in activism from the ground up. It will also be a foundational document for historians for generations to come. A must-read." --Library Journal(starred review)
"A significant boots-on-the-ground account . . . Readers are right there with activists, hearing their stories from them but also others who knew them . . . Vital, democratic truth-telling." --Kirkus (starred review)
"Schulman presents ACT UP not as a heroic, sanitized institution made up of exclusively white gay men, but as what it actually was: an organization that managed to improve the lives of people living with HIV and AIDS despite its own racism and sexism. By doing this, Schulman creates a much more nuanced―and accurate―portrait of the AIDS crisis, highlighting the ways the disease impacted women and people of color."--Booklist
"[A] fine-grained history . . . [Schulman's] firsthand perspective and copious details provide a valuable testament to the courage and dedication of many unheralded activists." --Publishers Weekly
"Sarah Schulman has written more than an authoritative history of ACT UP NY here-- it is a masterpiece of historical research and intellectual analysis that creates many windows into both a vanished world and the one that emerged from it, the one we live in now. I can't think of a book like this--it is an almost entirely new model, uniquely possible as the result of Schulman's life's work. As one of our only genuinely intellectual iconoclasts, she returns to us with this story of a movement that changed the world at least once, now a part of the work to change that world again. Any reader will be changed, I think, by the stories here--radicalized and renewed, which to me is something better than just hope." --Alexander Chee, author of How to Write an Autobiographical Novel
"Characteristically forthright, Sarah Schulman gives us the most comprehensive history of the ACT UP movement in New York to date through a wide range of interviews, a trenchant commentary, and a sustained testament to collaborative action and its history. From this extraordinary history told with the multiple voices of participants, Schulman makes clear that the history of HIV and AIDS in this country has been marred by popular narratives and bouts of grandstanding that largely failed to acknowledge the thousands of lives still lost annually from AIDS, the schisms that opened up serious issues of power within the movement, and the specific ways that people of color and poor people remained unserved by the scientific advances widely celebrated. This book lets us know that neither our sorrow nor our rage is finished, and that the work of acknowledgement of all who struggled and suffered remains our task." --Judith Butler
"In the style of the late great Howard Zinn, Sarah Schulmam has written an epic, moving and important People's History of the Act up Movement, filled with powerful storytelling and invaluable lessons in the do's and don’t of organizing. We owe a great deal to Schulman for the depth and years of her research, for her commitment to telling a story that lifts and honors a group rather than highlighting only a few individuals, and for her willingness to tell the whole truth with serious rigor and love."--V (formerly Eve Ensler), author of The Vagina Monologues
"Sarah Schulman’s remarkable book Let the Record Show offers a thorough and corrective retelling of the history of ACT-UP, introducing a diverse cast of characters that has been largely erased from what passes as the official HIV/AIDS narrative. She brings extraordinary reporting, finely calibrated detail and her own lived experience to a book that is at once a love letter to the movement that refused to back down as it forced an epidemic to its knees and a road map for a new generation of activists grappling with social change." --Linda Villarosa, contributing writer, The New York Times Magazine
About the Author
- ASIN : B08FGVG7K4
- Publisher : Farrar, Straus and Giroux (May 18, 2021)
- Publication date : May 18, 2021
- Language : English
- File size : 49977 KB
- Text-to-Speech : Enabled
- Screen Reader : Supported
- Enhanced typesetting : Enabled
- X-Ray : Enabled
- Word Wise : Enabled
- Print length : 738 pages
- Lending : Not Enabled
- Best Sellers Rank: #452,620 in Kindle Store (See Top 100 in Kindle Store)
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This is not a chronological history. Schulman divides the more than 700-page tome into 'books,' sections that take on specific subjects. The influence of feminism, the conflicts of racism within and outside the group, and the divergence of street theatre protests and scientific research make up the tree of knowledge and empowerment the organization brought to its members and to People With AIDS.
In the Preface, Schulman wastes no time in critiquing popular culture's interpretation of the AIDS crisis, from the film Philadelphia to the play Angels in America, in which, she notes, playwright Tony Kushner used AIDS as a metaphor, not a historical account.
The most interesting parts are not so much the theory and rhetoric, but excerpts from interviews Schulman conducted over several years, with film director Jim Hubbard, those interviews and archival meeting and protest footage would later become the film United in Anger (link to film).
Full disclosure; I was an active member of ACT UP/NY from 1988 to 1992, and participated in most of the larger actions documented in Let the Record Show, along with the hours-long weekly Monday night meetings held at the Gay and Lesbian Community Center, and later, as ACT UP grew in numbers, at Cooper Union.
With 188 interviews (which can also be viewed online via various libraries and museums), the book provides multiple insights and reflections from the major organizers and members in the organization. Lesser participants, like myself, and smaller yet clever actions, are omitted.
Much of the book is Schulman's own writing, in which she contextualizes, at length with accuracy, the times in which New Yorkers lived. From Mayor Ed Koch's indifference to homelessness and poverty, to the injustices in healthcare towards women and people of color, the overwhelming governmental neglect and incompetence set the stage for the AIDS epidemic, and activists' call for alarm.
Schulman does not gloss over the problems within ACT UP/NY. From financial swindles to rifts between members, to the much-argued decision to protest the Catholic Church both outside and inside St. Patrick's Cathedral in December 1989, disagreements are documented as well as allegiances.
One of the major successes of the movement was the focus on access to treatments. That included sub-groups who targeted double-blind placebo tests as cruel and useless, when PWAs were more than willing to be test subjects.
Along with epidemiological breakthroughs, through the interviews and recollections, the humanity of ACT UP members is recalled. Many in the group were working toward national and global solutions while eagerly seeking any information on potential beneficial drugs to actually help them, at a time when the toxic AZT was the only approved medication.
Many people, in their last months, gave final speeches at the weekly meetings in the then-called Gay and Lesbian Community Center, including author David B. Feinberg, Bob Rafsky (known for confronting Bill Clinton) and gay rights pioneer Marty Robinson.
We organized and attended memorials, almost weekly. We endured lengthy discussions, but also banded together in numerous interlinked social —and yes, romantic— circles. While there were deaths, there was also a vibrant tribal connection. As prominent ACT UPer Jim Eigo is quoted, "It was the most splendid idea of community I've ever been a part of."
Eigo and retired chemist Iris Long were the co-creators of the Treatment and Data newsletter, and among the 'insiders' who spent years negotiating with FDA and NIH representatives, including Dr. Anthony Fauci, to expand access to drug trails.
Early in the book, in a section focusing on Puerto Rican ACT UP members' work, Schulman admits that the group's membership was mostly white and male. Yet with a broad focus that eschews the (also white male) media gaze, she shares the stories and work of the many women and POC members who contributed greatly to the organization's successes. Each featured interviewee is also given a brief personal background.
The years-long struggle to redefine AIDS to include women focuses on Marion Banzhaf, Heidi Dorow, Linda Meredith, Garance Franke-Ruta, Tracey Morgan, Maxine Wolfe and others fought to access government medical meetings, where their male activist colleagues were more welcome. Drug trails refused to include women, and even Anthony Fauci came to impasse at one meeting, where he refused to acknowledge their needs. This culminated in one of several national actions, at the Atlanta Center for Disease Control. The oft-repeated slogan in posters and leaflets: "Women Don't Get AIDS, They Just Die From It."
<b>Take me to church</b>
As more often a 'foot soldier' in the group, for me, one of the more fascinating sections of the book documents the conception and execution of large-scale actions, from the Wall Street protests to days when busloads of activists traveled to the FDA and National Institute of Health, to the CDC, and to International AIDS conferences in Montreal and San Francisco.
The October 1988 FDA protest most notably put ACT UP in the media spotlight on a global scale by also using clever media tactics. In multiple interview excerpts, Ann Northrup (a veteran TV news producer) and Chip Duckett (a book publicist and nightclub promoter), along with Michelangelo Signorile (a publicist and later <i>OutWeek</i> columnist and author) and others, trained the media to assign advance coverage of the national event by supporting regional homegrown chapters of ACT UP to provide a local angle. Finding a local person with AIDS and people who were planning to attend led to multiple media outlets' coverage of the protest.
In a dramatic multiple-interview account of Stop the Church, the famous protest in and outside St. Patrick's Cathedral in December 1989, key participants, including members of WHAM (Women's Health Action and Mobilization) offer their memories: Emily Nahmanson's baptism by fire, it being her first protest; Victor Mendolia's conviction in questioning the religious interference in public health policy; Michael Petrelis' impulsive decision to stand atop a pew shouting, "You're killing us!" as a hundred others (including this writer) silently lay down in the aisles. Thomas Keane recalls the moment he crumbled a holy wafer instead of taking communion. Neil Broome describes armored police boots clicking on the marble floors.
Despite the mostly negative media coverage, and discouragement by some ACT UPers afterward, Northrup said, "We were doing what we were doing to accomplish something about particular issues, and I think we did that, enormously successfully. We weren't liked, but we forced people to pay attention and forced change."
While a collective, there were leaders who took on different roles. The book's 'Inspiration and Influence' section profiles author Larry Kramer, Mark Harrington who 'saw AIDS treatment as a puzzle" and co-created the spin-off TAG (Treatment Action Group), and frequent meeting facilitator Maxine Wolfe, whose life of activism helped shape the group's practical focus.
And of course, the iconic 'Silence = Death' stickers, posters, pamphlets and T-shirts are referenced and their origins traced, as designed by Gran Fury (Avram Finkelstein, Jorge Socarrás and others) who brought their graphic arts and advertising expertise to create some of the most iconic imagery of 20th-century activism. Video collectives like DIVA-TV documented protests on film and VHS tape and helped to reframe the depiction of PWAs while documenting police brutality. The arts focus culminated in the $650,000 raised at the first Art Auction, where the famous mingled with the foot soldiers.
Later in the book, personality clashes, divisions that led to TAG leaving ACT UP, and financial abuse by one member, were aspects that led to the decline in membership and focus. One of the latter yet most dramatic of protests, held in October 1992 under the Bush administration; the Ashes Action, with the cremated ashes of at least eighteen members and loved ones of ACT UP dispersed through the fence and onto the White House lawn.
Although most of the major events are shared in detail through the perspectives of multiple participants and organizers, since the book is formed by concepts, the timeline is off. Stop the Church is described before earlier (smaller yet pivotal) actions like Peter Staley and his associates' covert infiltration of the Wall Street Stock Exchange. Even the origin of the group's name is only revealed midway through in the section about art and media. However, a chronological timeline of most events is provided in one of the appendices.
Could such a vibrant movement have been sustained? Schulman ponders this as well in her eloquent summations. Her expansive account may offer insights into today's social justice movements and activism.
Some may consider this more of a scholarly or historic book. But given the current pandemic and the opposing uses of protest by Black Lives Matter versus violent pro-Trump insurrectionists, it is important that such a lengthy document shows how activism was accomplished in a now-seemingly distant analog age of fax machines and phone trees. Every person who now takes a life-saving or HIV-prevention medication owes a great deal to the vibrant, exciting, frustrating Monday night meetings where it all began.
As Schulman writes, her book "is an effort to make clear how the AIDS rebellion succeeded, and to face where it failed, in order to be more conscious and deliberate, and therefore effective, today."
(originally published in the <a href="https://www.ebar.com/arts_&_culture/books///304753/aids_activism_by_the_book:_let_the_record_show_captures_a_movements_rise_and_decline">Bay Area Reporter</a>)
Schulman's book is a meticulously researched book comprised of oral histories of activists involved in Act-Up. Other books and documentaries I have watched about Act-UP == tend to focus on mostly white gay men and show the sit-ins and protests in the streets. What we have not had access to before, is the diversity of people involved in the movement (race, age, gender, sexual orientation, class, etc.). Schulman is able to open up the frame to not only see the multitudes of unsung heroes but also get a greater sense of the inner workings of Act-Up. Beyond the public activism, we also learn about all of the behind-the-scenes work to secure housing for people who are HIV positive, advocate for getting women to be included in drug trials, to the hands-on care of community members living with AIDS.
Her book also serves as a primer for activists, providing lessons learned along the way.
I highly recommend this book. This is one of the best books I have read this year. It is a long book so took me awhile to get through but I was completely absorbed and found it difficult to put down.