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Models For Critical Thinking: A Fundamental Guide to Effective Decision Making, Deep Analysis, Intelligent Reasoning, and Independent Thinking (The critical thinker) Paperback – October 17, 2018
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Stay alert and avoid being tricked. Apply logic and analysis to your everyday life. Detect hidden assumptions, spot inconsistencies, and recognize dishonesty.The quality of our lives is determined by the quality of our thinking. And the quality of our thinking is often determined by the quality questions we ask from ourselves. Critical thinking is the art of asking relevant, necessary, and meaningful questions to discover the objective truth behind words, events, and opinions in general. Critical thinking is the ability to think objectively and rationally about a particular situation without letting your emotions hijack you. Like any other skill, critical thinking can be learned through rigorous practice and commitment.Today we have more access to information than ever before. Information influences our worldview and decisions often without us noticing it. Following wrong idols can lead us to bad decisions which lead to unhappiness and a dissatisfying life. When what’s “right, beautiful, successful, and cool” gets dictated around us by ads and through “influencers” we often forget to think for ourselves and make our own choices. Thus we make bad decisions based on the opinion of others – not even our own.Models for Critical Thinking provides you with unique insights into the nature of thinking and reasoning - why are we often so wrong, why are we so inclined to avoid the responsibility of thinking for ourselves and how can we develop solid, objective thinking patterns. Models for Critical Thinking lays out: - the function of critical thinking; its main impediments, the social counterfeits of ethics, - the elements of critical reasoning, - important abilities and traits of critical thinkers,- the vocabulary of critical analysis, - and the models essential to critical thinking.The most secure way of making good decisions is to have well-practiced and predictable strategies that you can use when you are faced with a problem that requires deeper analysis. This book will provide you with helpful information and exercises tips, which if you follow, you can find better solutions to your problems. - Learn the essential critical thinking skills when reading, writing, and speaking;- Be on your guard to hidden cognitive traps when shopping and interacting with advertisers. – Find out what tools and strategies can help you become a more disciplined thinker, developing your analytical, reasoning, and reflective thinking skills.
Be ready to learn. Be ready to argue intellectually.- Learn to read between the lines, assess the validity of statements.- Identify and separate logical reasoning and illogical reasoning. - Learn how to construct a fair, well-reasoned argument with the help of formal and informal logic. As a physicist and computer scientist, I was always looking for logical, well-founded answers to questions. Yet, I needed to stay open to question my knowledge fairly often, revise my beliefs held, and unlearn some –to that point – objective, universal facts to keep up, and keep my job, in the ever-changing, ever demanding IT industry. Without critical self-analysis, and objective assessment, I couldn’t have done it – couldn’t have worked in this industry for 30 years. In this book, I share the best knowledge of the best critical thinkers – intertwined with my own – to help you develop this essential skill that the contemporary job market so keenly demands. I will help you create thinking patterns that lead to a critical and more objective understanding of the world.
From the Publisher
Think with clarity, depth, and speed. Become an effective problem solver and decision maker. Master analytical, critical, and systems thinking.
We often have blind spots for the reasons that cause problems in our lives. We try to fix our issues based on assumptions, false analysis, and mistaken deductions. These create misunderstanding, anxiety, and frustration in our personal and work relationships.
Resist jumping to conclusions prematurely. Evaluate information correctly and consistently to make better decisions. Systems and critical thinking skills help you become proficient in collecting and assessing data, as well as creating impactful solutions in any context.
Albert Rutherford dedicated his entire life to find the best, evidence-based practices for optimal decision-making. His personal mantra is, "ask better questions to find more accurate answers and draw more profound insights."
About the author
Albert Rutherford is an internationally bestselling author. His books draw on various sources, from corporate system building, organizational behavior analysis, scientific research, and his life experience. He has been building and improving systems his whole adult life and brings his proven strategies to you.
- Publisher : Independently published (October 17, 2018)
- Language : English
- Paperback : 278 pages
- ISBN-10 : 1728892244
- ISBN-13 : 978-1728892245
- Item Weight : 10.7 ounces
- Dimensions : 5 x 0.7 x 8 inches
- Best Sellers Rank: #81,487 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
- Customer Reviews:
About the author
Top reviews from the United States
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What I got was a poorly organized book, bereft of real, thought-provoking content, and oozing with useless platitudes that restate what any somewhat-educated reader would already know too well. I counted many grammatical, formatting, and spelling errors.
Moreover, the man is clearly biased and hopelessly confused on moral and spiritual matters. On page 70 he endorses moral relaltivism, but a few pages later condemns the Third Reich as objectively evil. He constantly berates the reader with evolutionary propaganda, and even (at the book's end) expects us to believe that creationism is incorrect because he believes the design argument by analogy to be a false analogy (incorrectly), and yet provides no reason why.
Do not waste time on this book. I am confused as to how it is so high on Amazon's list for books on this subject.
Proverbs 14:7: Go from the presence of a foolish man, when thou perceivest not in him the lips of knowledge.
Now, it isn’t much of a stretch to connect today’s political leadership with the propaganda of the Nazi days... is it the writer’s bias or is it the way it is outlined? Others have made that connection, and the work he laid out does make the case that the current style of leadership does favor personal attacks over substance, which could lead people to make decisions based on emotions, rather than logical facts. I am open to being wrong, and also understand my political bias might be in play, but I favor the latter, and that sounds too close to reality, and scary. Consider the Muller evidence, and the fact that for most of Trump’s supporter, a recent survey claimed 0% of the people felt the facts will not weight in their decision to re-elect. Winston Churchill said something to the effect that “The best argument against democracy is a five-minute conversation with the average voter. “In business, all of the facts get trumped by brand affiliations and personal preferences, hence so much money goes into marketing. When the needs arises, the student appears, and so I found this book timely and enjoyable.
The HIDDEN assumptions, we don't even consider until we start thinking differently, with a process! I have even been in lots of process meetings where we use a lot of the same logic exercises used here too, in strange business situations we'd hope to never come across in real life, but find ways to solve, and try NOT to assume anything that's not written down. It's all just fun bits of the cognitive process in the beginning.
I just wish I had read it earlier. Now I'm older and wiser, but still assume things too often when starting a new project. This's another great help.
Example One: When discussing errors in thinking due to stereotypes, the author writes: "They speed up our response time and allow us to survive when time isn't on our side, letting us perform a more careful and thoughtful analysis." Presumably, the author meant "...when time isn't on our side, preventing us from performing a more careful and thoughtful analysis." This is a small point, but these types of errors are strewn throughout the first two chapters, to such extent that the book becomes unnecessarily confusing and muddled.
Example Two: The author provides a syllogism for the reader to consider: "Colorful snakes are venomous. A King Snake is colorful. A King Snake is venomous." He follows up by stating that "You may have inferred that I meant all colorful snakes are not venomous, bit it was not stated so a common sense approach would be to read the first assumption as "Many colorful snakes are venomous." First of all, I presume he meant to say "...all colorful snakes are venomous." not that they aren't, another example of the author's sloppiness. Secondly, the author apparently isn't familiar with the concept of a simple declarative sentence, such a "Horses are animals." or "Cars are vehicles." Would it be a common sense approach to assume I mean "Many horses are animals" or that "Many cars are vehicles"? These constant mistakes from an author attempting to teach critical thinking serve to discredit his entire book. I will not be finishing this book, and I regret wasting my time and money on it. I do not recommend.
Top reviews from other countries
Wegen den extrem großen Zeilenabstände und Seitenränder erstreckt sich der Inhalt über knapp 200 Seiten. In knapp über 1 Stunde ist das Buch durchgelesen.