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Models for Critical Thinking: A Fundamental Guide to Effective Decision Making, Deep Analysis, Intelligent Reasoning, and Independent Thinking Hardcover – August 21, 2019
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Stay alert and avoid being tricked. Apply logic and analysis to your everyday life. Detect hidden assumptions, spot inconsistencies, and recognize dishonesty.
The quality of our lives is determined by the quality of our thinking.
And the quality of our thinking is often determined by the quality questions we ask from ourselves.Critical thinking is the art of asking relevant, necessary, and meaningful questions to discover the objective truth behind words, events, and opinions in general.
Today we have more access to information than ever before. Information influences our world view and decisions often without us noticing it. Following wrong idols can lead us to bad decisions which lead to unhappiness and a dissatisfying life. When what’s “right, beautiful, successful, and cool” gets dictated around us we often forget to think for ourselves and make our own choices. Thus we make bad decisions based on the opinion of others – not even our own.
Who should make your life choices for you? You’ve put your own thoughts, wishes, and opinions off for too long. It’s time for that to change.
Models for Critical Thinking provides you with unique insights into the nature of thinking and reasoning - why are we often so wrong, why we are so inclined to avoid the responsibility of thinking for ourselves, and how can we develop solid, objective patterns of thought.
This book is a guide for the notoriously “trusting,” “overwhelmed,” and “gullible”. It is a deep psychological dive into what makes us stop thinking for ourselves, and how to systematically combat those compulsions. It’s a book that stands apart from others because of the plethora of real-life examples, studies, and solutions. If you wish to add to your critical thinking toolkit, you’ll find the step-by-step answer in here.
Models for Critical Thinking lays out:
- The function of critical thinking and its main obstacles.
- The varied elements of critical reasoning.
- Important abilities and traits of critical thinkers.
- The vocabulary of critical analysis,
- The models essential to critical thinking.
The most secure way of making good decisions is to have well-practiced and predictable strategies that you can use when you are faced with a problem that requires deeper analysis.
This book will provide you with helpful exercises and tips to help you can find better solutions to your problems.
- Learn the essential critical thinking skills when reading, writing, and speaking;
- Be on your guard for hidden cognitive traps when shopping and interacting with advertisers.
– Discover the tools and strategies can help you become a more disciplined thinker, developing your analytical, reasoning, and reflective thinking skills.
Be ready to learn. Be ready to argue intellectually.
- Learn to read between the lines and assess the validity of statements.
- Identify and separate logical and illogical reasoning.
- Learn how to construct a fair, well-reasoned argument with the help of formal and informal logic.
As a physicist and computer scientist, I was always looking for logical, well-founded answers to questions. Yet, I needed to stay open to question my knowledge fairly often, revise my beliefs held, and unlearn some.
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- Publisher : VDZ (August 21, 2019)
- Language : English
- Hardcover : 280 pages
- ISBN-10 : 1951385136
- ISBN-13 : 978-1951385132
- Item Weight : 14.3 ounces
- Dimensions : 5 x 0.75 x 8 inches
- Best Sellers Rank: #2,262,771 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
- Customer Reviews:
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Top reviews from the United States
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What I got was a poorly organized book, bereft of real, thought-provoking content, and oozing with useless platitudes that restate what any somewhat-educated reader would already know too well. I counted many grammatical, formatting, and spelling errors.
Moreover, the man is clearly biased and hopelessly confused on moral and spiritual matters. On page 70 he endorses moral relaltivism, but a few pages later condemns the Third Reich as objectively evil. He constantly berates the reader with evolutionary propaganda, and even (at the book's end) expects us to believe that creationism is incorrect because he believes the design argument by analogy to be a false analogy (incorrectly), and yet provides no reason why.
Do not waste time on this book. I am confused as to how it is so high on Amazon's list for books on this subject.
Proverbs 14:7: Go from the presence of a foolish man, when thou perceivest not in him the lips of knowledge.
The HIDDEN assumptions, we don't even consider until we start thinking differently, with a process! I have even been in lots of process meetings where we use a lot of the same logic exercises used here too, in strange business situations we'd hope to never come across in real life, but find ways to solve, and try NOT to assume anything that's not written down. It's all just fun bits of the cognitive process in the beginning.
I just wish I had read it earlier. Now I'm older and wiser, but still assume things too often when starting a new project. This's another great help.
Now, it isn’t much of a stretch to connect today’s political leadership with the propaganda of the Nazi days... is it the writer’s bias or is it the way it is outlined? Others have made that connection, and the work he laid out does make the case that the current style of leadership does favor personal attacks over substance, which could lead people to make decisions based on emotions, rather than logical facts. I am open to being wrong, and also understand my political bias might be in play, but I favor the latter, and that sounds too close to reality, and scary. Consider the Muller evidence, and the fact that for most of Trump’s supporter, a recent survey claimed 0% of the people felt the facts will not weight in their decision to re-elect. Winston Churchill said something to the effect that “The best argument against democracy is a five-minute conversation with the average voter. “In business, all of the facts get trumped by brand affiliations and personal preferences, hence so much money goes into marketing. When the needs arises, the student appears, and so I found this book timely and enjoyable.
I should also mention that the author, ironically, does not seem to understand formal logic. For example, he doesn't seem to understand what Affirming The Consequent and Denying The Antecedent are. Affirming The Consequent takes the form: if A, then B; B, therefore A. This assumes that only cause A leads to effect B. That is, it assumes that the converse is also true. But what if cause C also leads to effect B? Therefore, if B, then either A or C. This formal fallacy occurs because a person fails to consider that more than one "if" can result in a "then".
Denying The Antecedent is basically the negative version of Affirming The Consequent. It would take the form: If A, then B; not A, therefore, not B. The problem with this form, again, is that is assumes that there is only one cause for B. What if there were more than one cause for B? Then even if not A, then there could still be B. For example, if C, then B. In this case, we would say if either A or C, then B. Not A, then, would not be enough information. We would need to know the status of C, as well. This is the formal fallacy of Denying The Antecedent.
A proper form would be the following:
If A, then B; B, therefore A.
If A, then B; not B, therefore, not A.
This must be true, because an A always results in a B, so if there's no B, there's no A.
For instance: If the sun is out, it is day. It is not day, therefore, the sun is not out. This is a proper syllogism.
Affirming The Consequent and Denying The Antecedent result from attempting to take any form other than the two proper forms.
If A, then B; not A, therefore not B. (Denying The Antecedent)
If A, then B; B, therefore A. (Affirming The Consequent)
Both of the latter are fallacious. They assume that A is the only cause of B.
Top reviews from other countries
Wegen den extrem großen Zeilenabstände und Seitenränder erstreckt sich der Inhalt über knapp 200 Seiten. In knapp über 1 Stunde ist das Buch durchgelesen.