Models for Critical Thinking: A Fundamental Guide to Effective Decision Making, Deep Analysis, Intelligent Reasoning, and Independent Thinking Audible Audiobook – Unabridged
The quality of our lives is determined by the quality of our thinking. The quality of our thinking is often determined by the quality questions we ask from ourselves. Critical thinking is the art of asking relevant, necessary, and meaningful questions to discover the objective truth behind words, events, and opinions in general.
Critical thinking is the ability to think objectively and rationally about a particular situation without letting your emotions hijack you. Like any other skill, critical thinking can be learned through rigorous practice and commitment.
Today, we have more access to information than ever before. Information influences our worldview and decisions, often without us noticing it. Following wrong idols can lead us to bad decisions that lead to unhappiness and a dissatisfying life. When what’s “right, beautiful, successful, and cool” gets dictated around us by ads and through “influencers”, we often forget to think for ourselves and make our own choices. Thus we make bad decisions based on the opinion of others - not even our own.
Models for Critical Thinking provides you with unique insights into the nature of thinking and reasoning - why are we often so wrong, why are we so inclined to avoid the responsibility of thinking for ourselves, and how can we develop solid, objective thinking patterns.
Models for Critical Thinking lays out:
- The function of critical thinking; its main impediments, the social counterfeits of ethics
- The elements of critical reasoning
- Important abilities and traits of critical thinkers
- The vocabulary of critical analysis
- The models essential to critical thinking
The most secure way of making good decisions is to have well-practiced and predictable strategies you can use when you are faced with a problem that requires deeper analysis.
This audiobook will provide you with helpful information and exercises tips. If you follow them, you can find better solutions to your problems.
- Learn the essential critical thinking skills when reading, writing, and speaking
- Be on your guard to hidden cognitive traps when shopping and interacting with advertisers
- Find out what tools and strategies can help you become a more disciplined thinker, developing your analytical, reasoning, and reflective thinking skills
Be ready to learn. Be ready to argue intellectually.
In this audiobook, I share the best knowledge of the best critical thinkers - intertwined with my own - to help you develop this essential skill that the contemporary job market so keenly demands. I will help you create thinking patterns that lead to a critical and more objective understanding of the world.
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|Listening Length||3 hours and 54 minutes|
|Whispersync for Voice||Ready|
|Audible.com Release Date||November 09, 2018|
|Best Sellers Rank|| #166,406 in Audible Books & Originals (See Top 100 in Audible Books & Originals) |
#1,296 in Medical Cognitive Psychology
#2,178 in Aging (Books)
#2,601 in Cognitive Psychology (Books)
Top reviews from the United States
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I should also mention that the author, ironically, does not seem to understand formal logic. For example, he doesn't seem to understand what Affirming The Consequent and Denying The Antecedent are. Affirming The Consequent takes the form: if A, then B; B, therefore A. This assumes that only cause A leads to effect B. That is, it assumes that the converse is also true. But what if cause C also leads to effect B? Therefore, if B, then either A or C. This formal fallacy occurs because a person fails to consider that more than one "if" can result in a "then".
Denying The Antecedent is basically the negative version of Affirming The Consequent. It would take the form: If A, then B; not A, therefore, not B. The problem with this form, again, is that is assumes that there is only one cause for B. What if there were more than one cause for B? Then even if not A, then there could still be B. For example, if C, then B. In this case, we would say if either A or C, then B. Not A, then, would not be enough information. We would need to know the status of C, as well. This is the formal fallacy of Denying The Antecedent.
A proper form would be the following:
If A, then B; B, therefore A.
If A, then B; not B, therefore, not A.
This must be true, because an A always results in a B, so if there's no B, there's no A.
For instance: If the sun is out, it is day. It is not day, therefore, the sun is not out. This is a proper syllogism.
Affirming The Consequent and Denying The Antecedent result from attempting to take any form other than the two proper forms.
If A, then B; not A, therefore not B. (Denying The Antecedent)
If A, then B; B, therefore A. (Affirming The Consequent)
Both of the latter are fallacious. They assume that A is the only cause of B.
Now, it isn’t much of a stretch to connect today’s political leadership with the propaganda of the Nazi days... is it the writer’s bias or is it the way it is outlined? Others have made that connection, and the work he laid out does make the case that the current style of leadership does favor personal attacks over substance, which could lead people to make decisions based on emotions, rather than logical facts. I am open to being wrong, and also understand my political bias might be in play, but I favor the latter, and that sounds too close to reality, and scary. Consider the Muller evidence, and the fact that for most of Trump’s supporter, a recent survey claimed 0% of the people felt the facts will not weight in their decision to re-elect. Winston Churchill said something to the effect that “The best argument against democracy is a five-minute conversation with the average voter. “In business, all of the facts get trumped by brand affiliations and personal preferences, hence so much money goes into marketing. When the needs arises, the student appears, and so I found this book timely and enjoyable.
The HIDDEN assumptions, we don't even consider until we start thinking differently, with a process! I have even been in lots of process meetings where we use a lot of the same logic exercises used here too, in strange business situations we'd hope to never come across in real life, but find ways to solve, and try NOT to assume anything that's not written down. It's all just fun bits of the cognitive process in the beginning.
I just wish I had read it earlier. Now I'm older and wiser, but still assume things too often when starting a new project. This's another great help.
Top reviews from other countries
Wegen den extrem großen Zeilenabstände und Seitenränder erstreckt sich der Inhalt über knapp 200 Seiten. In knapp über 1 Stunde ist das Buch durchgelesen.