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The Pioneers: The Heroic Story of the Settlers Who Brought the American Ideal West Hardcover – Deckle Edge, May 7, 2019
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As part of the Treaty of Paris, in which Great Britain recognized the new United States of America, Britain ceded the land that comprised the immense Northwest Territory, a wilderness empire northwest of the Ohio River containing the future states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin. A Massachusetts minister named Manasseh Cutler was instrumental in opening this vast territory to veterans of the Revolutionary War and their families for settlement. Included in the Northwest Ordinance were three remarkable conditions: freedom of religion, free universal education, and most importantly, the prohibition of slavery. In 1788 the first band of pioneers set out from New England for the Northwest Territory under the leadership of Revolutionary War veteran General Rufus Putnam. They settled in what is now Marietta on the banks of the Ohio River.
McCullough tells the story through five major characters: Cutler and Putnam; Cutler’s son Ephraim; and two other men, one a carpenter turned architect, and the other a physician who became a prominent pioneer in American science. They and their families created a town in a primeval wilderness, while coping with such frontier realities as floods, fires, wolves and bears, no roads or bridges, no guarantees of any sort, all the while negotiating a contentious and sometimes hostile relationship with the native people. Like so many of McCullough’s subjects, they let no obstacle deter or defeat them.
Drawn in great part from a rare and all-but-unknown collection of diaries and letters by the key figures, The Pioneers is a uniquely American story of people whose ambition and courage led them to remarkable accomplishments. This is a revelatory and quintessentially American story, written with David McCullough’s signature narrative energy.
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“David McCullough has become perhaps our best-loved chronicler of America’s past. . . . The Pioneers is the account not just of one Ohio settlement but of myriad such places across America, where innumerable immigrants (as the settlers were known) came to make a fresh start in a strange land. It is a story as resonant today as ever.” -- Gerard Helferich ― The Wall Street Journal
“McCullough is among the most thoughtful and thorough historians of the past two generations. . . . [A] great American mind.” -- John S. Gardner ― The Guardian
"McCullough is a master of research along with being a wonderful storyteller. He takes the history of the area and turns what could be dry and dull into vibrant and compelling tales. . . . Lovers of history told well know that McCullough is one of the best writers of our past, and his latest will only add to his acclaim." -- Jeff Ayers ― Associated Press
"To read The Pioneers is to understand that the settlement of the Northwest Territory was, in some ways, a second phase of the American Revolution – a messy experiment, touched by high ideals and bitter conflicts, that still resonates in ways we’re only beginning to grasp."
-- Danny Heitman ― Christian Science Monitor
“Like McCullough's other books, The Pioneers succeeds because of the author's strength as a storyteller. The book reads like a novel, with a cast of fascinating characters that the average reader isn't likely to know about. . . . A worthy addition to McCullough's impressive body of work.” -- Michael Schaub ― NPR.org
"Readers will immediately recognize that storytelling is one of Mr. McCullough’s great literary strengths. He consistently produces engaging prose about a particular period of time, and makes history come alive."
-- Michael Taube ― The Washington Times
"A lively history of the Ohio River region in the years between the Revolution and the Civil War. . . . [McCullough's] narrative abounds with well-recognized figures in American history—John Quincy Adams, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Johnny Appleseed—while highlighting lesser-known players. . . . Vintage McCullough and a book that students of American history will find captivating." ― Kirkus Reviews (starred review)
“In his usual revealing style, McCullough has crafted another dynamic volume of American history. With clarity and incisiveness, he details the experience of a brave and broad-minded band of people who crossed raging rivers, chopped down forests, plowed miles of land, suffered incalculable hardships and braved a lonely frontier to forge a new American ideal. They were indeed the pioneers."
-- Dave Kindy ― The Providence Journal
About the Author
- Publisher : Simon & Schuster; First Edition (May 7, 2019)
- Language : English
- Hardcover : 352 pages
- ISBN-10 : 1501168681
- ISBN-13 : 978-1501168680
- Item Weight : 1.49 pounds
- Dimensions : 9.25 x 6.25 x 9.25 inches
- Best Sellers Rank: #14,385 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
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The frame for this is a longitudinal examination of the town of Marietta, on the Ohio River (using largely previously unknown primary sources). The pioneers who settled Marietta were mostly veterans forging a new life, under the conditions set out in the Northwest Ordinance (which included no slavery). McCullough focuses on a set of families, primarily the Cutlers and the Putnams, descended from a Massachusetts minister (Cutler) and a Revolutionary War general (Putnam). This is old-fashioned frontier narrative; these people, men and women, carved Marietta out of nothing, facing—and defeating—innumerable dangers and challenges.
Among those challenges were varying degrees of hostility from the local Indians, who, no surprise, originally welcomed the settlers and then changed their minds when they began to expand their settlement. A good deal of the book is taken up with these conflicts, in which the Indians are shown as they were—competent, but overmatched in technology, numbers, and will by the Europeans. In one battle, the Indians managed to kill eight hundred men, women and children. The response was their defeat by “Mad Anthony” Wayne at the Battle of Fallen Timbers, which fully opened the Northwest Territory. In general, McCullough excels at both relating these historical incidents and offering well-drawn profiles of all the many individuals who made Marietta, and made Marietta what it became, from blacksmiths to political and war leaders.
He always comes back to Marietta, though. It never became a large city; it was eclipsed by others. Today, it only has about ten thousand people. But as a stand-in for innumerable other such settlements that made America what it is today, it is timeless. And showing America is McCullough’s purpose, in which his book does an excellent job.