The Emancipation Proclamation was primarily a military measure, freeing only those slaves held in the Confederate States. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution officially outlawed slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. Farmers and businessmen needed to find replacements for the labor force once their slaves had been freed depriving Southern slaveholders of $2 billion in human property and ensuring the permanent freedom of more than 4 million in bondage. Convict leasing began in 1865 and ended in the last state, Alabama, in 1928. It was a system in which armies of free men, most were guilty of no crimes and entitled by law to freedom, were compelled to labor without compensation, were repeatedly bought and sold, and were forced to do the bidding of white masters through the regular application of extraordinary physical coercion. The sole aim of convict leasing was financial profit to the lessees who exploited the labor of the prisoners to the fullest, and to the government which sold the convicts to the lessees. It's truly time that the truth be told. This DVD should be shown in every class room. A better perspective would be shown to African Americans if such truths were viewed on a worldwide scale.