I could only make it through the 3rd chapter before it went into the trash. Asbridge begins his history in 1095, yet it really begins with the history of Abraham and God's promised land to Abraham and his descendants. Muhammad came after Christ approx 600 yrs later, with his war against the infidels. I could tell where his writing would take me... the Christians are the cause of where we are in the world today in regards to Islamic relations. If I could I would not have even given this book 1 star.