Top positive review
How the Western Wars Were Won.
Reviewed in the United States on November 22, 2016
Victor Davis Hanson is unmatched in his writing's of ancient warfare. The foundation of the Western and modern military mindset was laid out by the Greeks (Macedonians and Romans to follow). The Greeks were primarily heavy infantry armies. Unlike the Persians and many other Near Eastern armies, they did not rely upon cavalry (although some modification will come under Alexander the Great), along with chariots as those armies had. As Hanson describes; "The Greek battlefield was the scene of abject terror and utter carnage." The Greek word "Othismos"- a "pushing" describes Greek city state warfare at its best. Very little ingenuity in tactics were used. The Persians would bring change to Greek city state warfare by using their cavalry, archers and chariots that would force the Greeks to "think outside of the box." The Hopelite-the Greek heavy shield bearing infantryman and his partners to his left and his right were inseparable, for if they loosened formation they were finished. The same came with the Phalanx trooper developed by Philip and improved upon by his more dynamic son Alexander. The basis for the Macedonian Phalanx and the Roman Cohort and Legion had its roots in the Greek way of war. Greeks were "citizen soldiers." not the Carthaginian mercenaries or Persian mass levy's. The were men with a "stake" in their respective society.